Native American Women

Native Women's Leadership Forum and Enduring Spirit Awards

Native Action Network Women
Clockwise from top left: Dr. Verna Bartlett, Cheryl Crazy Bull, Pearl Capoeman-Baller, and Mary Marchand, 2011 Enduring Spirit Award Winners, Native Action Network. Photo by Chantel O'Brien, copyright Native Action Network.

Native Action Network (NAN) annually sponsors the Enduring Spirit Awards.   Biographies of the 2011 Enduring Spirit Award winners are available here

Enduring Spirit Award winners in 2013

WHC oral histories  include: 

Carol Craig, Mary A. Marchand, and Marlene Spencer Simla.

Materials produced by the Native Action Network include Young Tribal Women Learning From the Best.


Washington Native American Women Leaders

Chehalis Tribe
Cheryle Starr, Current Tribal Treasurer

Colville Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation
Colville Women Leaders

Cowlitz Tribe Women Leaders

Hoh Tribe Women Leaders

Muckelshoot Tribe Women Leaders

Nisqually Tribe Women Leaders

Nooksack Tribe Women Leaders

Puyallup Tribe Women Leaders

Quileute Nation Women Leaders

Quinault Nation Women Leaders

Samish Nation Women Leaders

Sauk Women Leaders

Shoalwater Bay Tribe Women Leaders

Skokomish Tribe Women Leaders

Snoqualmie Tribe Women Leaders

Spokane Tribe Women Leaders

Stillaguamish Tribe Women Leaders

Suquamish Tribe Women Leaders

Tulalip Tribe Women Leaders

Upper Skagit Tribe Women Leaders

Yakama Nation Women Leaders




Sacagawea statue
Sacagawea monument, Pacific Northwest Quarterly cover, January 1967.

Much has been written about Sacagawea, the young wife who acted as a guide during the Lewis and Clark Expedition. She traveled with the expedition from North Dakota to the Pacific Ocean between 1804 and 1806, and her story became legend. Scholars now discuss how the legend of Sacagawea compares to what is known about Sacagawea as a person.
Images and paintings, WSHS Collections.
Sacajawea, Bird Woman, from The Souvenir of Western Women. p.189.
Sacajawea, from Tsagigla'lal: She Who Watches, p.45
Sacagawea and the Suffragettes, by Ronald W. Taber, from Pacific Northwest Quarterly
Unlikely Poster Child: Sacagawea; Pathfinder of the Past, Present, and Future, Stephenie Ambrose Tubbs lecture.




American Indian Women's Service League
History of the AIWSL and oral histories collected during WHC local grant project.

Indian Center News
A publication of the American Indian Women's Service League

The Evergreen State College Women's Collection
Collection includes video of Ida Stuntz demonstration in response to the Pine Ridge Reservation killings and images of Native American beadwork and baskets.

Native American Women from the Lucullus V. McWhorter Photograph Collection
Images from Washington State University collections.

Tsagigla'lal: She Who Watches
Collection of essays on Washington women, including the legends and lore of the first women of Washington (p.1-37).

The Women of Ellensburg
Report from the International Women's Year Conference, 1977 with a section on the status of Native women (p. 50-51).