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Our online COLUMBIA Anthology offers a snapshot of Washington history as presented in the pages of COLUMBIA Magazine by our state’s leading scholars. Two friends of COLUMBIA Magazine, historians Robert Carriker and Charles LeWarne, made the initial selection of 60 articles that can be downloaded or read free online.

Download the COLUMBIA anthology index.

You can also obtain back issues of COLUMBIA magazine by emailing julianna.verboort@wshs.wa.gov. The current issue can be purchased at the History Museum’s admissions counter.

Anthology Categories

The State Called Washington

Sluskin: Yakima Guide to Mount Rainier     
by Michael F. Turek & Robert H. Keller Jr. | Spring 1991: Volume 5, Number 1
Yakima chief and controversial guide to Mount Rainier.

Torches to Guide Us: A Victorian Woman Braves the Pacific Northwest   
by Harriet Kofalk | Spring 1989: Volume 3, Number 1
Florence Merriam’s never-before-published account of her visit to Neah Bay a century ago.

The Great Columbia Flood: An Epic Geologic Event that Shaped Landforms and Ideas     
by Tom Mullen | Spring 2005: Volume 19, Number 1
A Seattle schoolteacher-turned-geologist came up with a radical theory to explain eastern Washington’s erratic boulders.

The Earliest Settlers and How They Lived

Photograph: #C1987.1.1

Trade and Change on the Columbia Plateau 1750-1840
by Laura Peers | Winter 1996-97: Volume 10, Number 4
The arrival of the Europeans precipitated a flash flood of new trade goods, new ideas, and new diseases among the Plateau tribes.

Drawing with Vision: Harold J. Cundy’s Pioneering Investigations into the Rock Art of North Central Washington 
by William D. Layman | Spring 1998: Volume 12, Number 1
The diminishing traces of north central Washington’s native rock art are preserved for posterity in the little-known work of Harold J. Cundy.

Explorers By Sea, Explorers By Land

Photograph: #2005.22.76

History Commentary – The Sacagawea Mystique: Her Age, Name, Role and Final Destiny
by Irving W. Anderson | Fall 1999: Volume 13, Number 3
Exploring the myths and misconceptions about Sacagawea, the Shoshoni Indian woman who accompanied the Lewis and Clark expedition.

The Education of an Empire Builder: John Jacob Astor and the World of the Columbia   
by James P. Ronda | Fall 1997: Volume 11, Number 3
Trade and dominion marched hand in hand in the world of John Jacob Astor.

Viewpoints and Visions in 1792: The Vancouver Expedition encounters Indians of Western Washington    
by Delbert J. McBride | Summer 1990: Volume 4, Number 2
An examination of recorded encounters between the Vancouver Expedition and native inhabitants of Puget Sound.

The Wilkes Exploring Expedition in the Pacific Northwest  
by David M. Buerge | Spring 1987: Volume 1, Number 1
“America’s Cook” explores Oregon Country.

Patriot or Scalawag?  
by J. Richard Nokes | Fall 1990: Volume 4, Number 3
John Meares’s exploits on the Northwest Coast.

The Seven-Fanged Horror of the Pacific: Father Peter De Smet Cross the Columbia Bar 
by Robert C. Carriker | Winter 1995-96: Volume 9, Number 4
Father De Smet crosses the treacherous Columbia River bar.

Fur Trade and Missionaries

Photograph: #C1993.50.11

Empty Harvest at Waiilatpu: The Mission Life of Narcissa Whitman       
by Julie Roy Jeffrey | Fall 1992: Volume 6, Number 3
Nothing in her experience could have prepared Narcissa Whitman for the realities of mission life in the Oregon Country.

A Diverse Economy: The Columbia Department of the Hudson’s Bay Company, 1821-1846        
by James R. Gibson | Summer 1991: Volume 5, Number 2
Early-19th-century Hudson’s Bay Company activity in the Pacific Northwest involved much more than beaver pelts.

Settlers and Settlements

Photograph: #1943.42.35324

George Bush of Tumwater: Founder of the First American Colony on Puget Sound     
by Darrell Millner | Winter 1994-95: Volume 8, Number 4
Mulatto pioneer and founder of the first American settlement on Puget Sound.

Through the “Magnificent Gateway”: The Columbia River Gorge and Early Emigrant Travel   
by Weldon Willis Rau | Winter 2001-02: Volume 15, Number 4
A pioneer family on the last leg of the Oregon Trail, traversing the wild and beautiful Columbia River Gorge.

From Tribal Lands to Statehood

Photograph: Indian Boys © Thomas Robinson

Figureheads of State 
by Robert E. Ficken | Winter 2005-06: Volume 19, Number 4
The foibles and failures of Washington’s territorial governors.

The Little Napoleon: The Short and Turbulent Career of Isaac I. Stevens 
by Sherburne F. Cook Jr. | Winter 2000-01: Volume 14, Number 4
Isaac I. Stevens’s brief tenure as governor of Washington Territory had far-reaching effects.

The Young Napoleons: Isaac I. Stevens, George B. McClellan and the Cascade Mountains Route    
by Kent D. Richards | Winter 1989-90: Volume 3, Number 4
Isaac Stevens, George McClellan and the Northern Railroad Survey.

Statehood for Washington    
by Keith A. Murray | Winter 1988-89: Volume 2, Number 4
Politics, railroads and resources influenced the struggle.

Dreams and Developments: A Comparison of Two of Washington’s Most Historic Towns, Port Townsend and Walla Walla, 1850-1900  
by G. Thomas Edwards | Fall 2002: Volume 16, Number 3
Two historic towns in opposite corners of Washington have more in common than the casual observer might expect.

Years of Growth 1870-1910

Photograph: #2013.0.12

Jay Fox: Anarchist of Home 
by Mary M. Carr | Spring 1990: Volume 4, Number 1
The life of this famous labor radical was laced with controversy.

Orphan Road: The Railroad Comes to Seattle  
by Kurt E. Armbruster | Winter 1997-98: Volume 11, Number 4
Seattle’s long wait for a transcontinental train connection.

The O’Neill Expedition: A century ago this summer the Olympics were explored      
by Robert L. Wood | Summer 1990: Volume 4, Number 2
The 100th anniversary of the exploration of the Olympic Peninsula’s rugged interior.

From War to War

Photograph: #1957.64.A1259.GL

The Water Rises: Clarence C. Dills Battle for Grand Coulee Dam    
by Kerry E. Irish | Fall 2001: Volume 15, Number 3
Senator Clarence Dill was a driving force in the political battle for Grand Coulee Dam.

Eugene Barnett Talks About the Centralia Conspiracy: Oral History from an IWW Participant in the Events of November 11, 1919, in Centralia, Washington  
by William H. Friedland & Archie Green | Summer 1997: Volume 11, Number 2
This Wobbly “vocumentary” covers the controversial events of November 11, 1919, in Centralia, Washington.

Hanford’s Historic Reactors: Constant Change in the Early Years   
by Michele Stenehjem Gerber | Spring 1995: Volume 9, Number 1
The story of Hanford’s early years is one of constant change.

Ten Dollars a Song: Woody Guthrie Sells His Talent to the Bonneville Power Administration   
by Robert C. Carriker | Spring 2001: Volume 15, Number 1
The Bonneville Power Administration hired Woody Guthrie to sing the praises of public power to the masses.

Swing the Door Wide: World War II Wrought a Profound Transformation in Seattle’s Black Community    
by Quintard Taylor | Summer 1995: Volume 9, Number 2
The World War II economy opened the job market for blacks in the Pacific Northwest.

The Maturing State

Photograph: #2012.0.45

Bellevues I Have Known: Reflections on the Evolution of an “Edge City”            
by Charles R. LeWarne | Summer 1997: Volume 11, Number 2
The history of this “edge city” reflects the broader scope of America’s urban growth.

Seduced and Abandoned?: Utilities and WPPSS Nuclear Plants 4 and 5  
by Daniel Pope | Fall 1991: Volume 5, Number 3
Northwest utilities followed WPPSS into a financial morass that led to the largest municipal bond default in American history.

1949: Year of Decision on the Columbia River  
by William L. Lang | Spring 2005: Volume 19, Number 1
The year a turning point was reached for development of the Columbia River Basin.

Yakima and Justice Douglas: The Curious Story of a Famous but not a Favorite Son 
by Robert W. Mull | Summer 1987: Volume 1, Number 2
William O. Douglas’s legacy and last years as a U.S. Supreme Court justice.

Runways & Reclamation: The Influence of the Federal Government on Moses Lake   
by Martin F. Seedorf | Summer 1994: Volume 8, Number 2
How water and war shaped the destiny of Moses Lake.

Two Senators and the Boeing Company: The Transformation of Washington’s Political Culture       
by Richard S. Kirkendall | Winter 1997-98: Volume 11, Number 4
Washington’s political culture leapt from progressivism to liberalism in less than 24 years.

The Economy of Washington

Photograph: #2013.32.1

Tourists in Wonderland: Early Railroad Tourism in the Pacific Northwest       
by Carlos A. Schwantes | Winter 1993-94: Volume 7, Number 4
Bringing vacationers to the Pacific Northwest was an afterthought that turned into a booming business.

Walla Walla Sweets: Onions and Ethnic Identity in a Pacific Northwest Italian Community        
by Jens Lund | Fall 1994: Volume 8, Number 3
Onions and ethnic rivival in an eastern Washington Italian community.

Golden Harvest: The Columbia Plateau Grain Empire  
by Glen Lindeman | Summer 1992: Volume 6, Number 2
Wheat farming on the Columbia Plateau.

Washingtonians and How They Live

Photograph: #C1989.15.1

The Invisible Sex   
by Mike Jordan & Lynn Jordan | Winter 1988-89: Volume 2, Number 4
The approach of statehood heightened awareness of women’s roles.

The Politics of Design    
by Fred Poyner IV | Spring 2009: Volume 23, Number 1
How James Wehn came to design a city seal for Seattle.

Betty and the Bishops: Was The Egg and I Libelous?           
by Beth Kraig | Spring 1998: Volume 12, Number 1
Courtroom antics in a libel suit against the author of The Egg and I could have been a chapter from one of her novels.

Frederic Homer Balch: The Pioneer Novelist    
by Stephen L. Harris | Fall 1989: Volume 3, Number 3
How The Bridge of the Gods came to be written.

Two Views, Two Voices: The Stereoscopic Perspective of Photographers Asahel and Edward Curtis 
by Stephanie Lile | Spring 1996: Volume 10, Number 1
Brothers Edward and Asahel Curtis, both photographers, viewed the world from very different perspectives.

Tsugiki, a Grafting: The Life and Poetry of a Japanese Pioneer Woman in Washington  
by Gail M. Nomura | Spring 2005: Volume 19, Number 1
Reflections of an immigrant generation taking root in a new land.

The Battle of Wapato: The Klan, the Legion, the Press and the Yakima Valley Japanese Americans     
by Thomas H. Heuterman | Fall 1995: Volume 9, Number 3
Diverse forces combined to try to force Japanese tenant farmers out of this agricultural community.

Outsiders in “the Land of the Free”: Aspects of the Asian-American Experience in the Northwest   
by Roger Daniels | Winter 1996-97: Volume 10, Number 4
Aside from having withstood many biases and indignities, Asian Americans in the Northwest have been mistreated by historians as well.

Head, Heart, and Hands: A Conversation with Artist Lillian Pitt    
by Katrine Barber | Fall 2007: Volume 21, Number 3
An interview with Warm Springs artist Lillian Pitt.

Government in Washington

Photograph: #2011.0.86

History Commentary – Indian Treaties as Contracts   
by Robert J. Miller | Spring 2006: Volume 20, Number 1
“Great nations, like great men, should keep their word.”

Writing History by Litigation: The Legacy and Limitations of Northwest Indian Rights Cases   
by Sasha Harmon | Winter 1990-91: Volume 4, Number 4
How courts use historical evidence when making rulings on Northwest Indian rights cases.

The Washington State Capitol Campus and Its Peripatetic Planning 
by Norman J. Johnson | Spring 1999: Volume 13, Number 1
Piecing together the people, events and issues that influenced (and interfered with) the design of the capitol group.

Capitol Challenge 
by Spencer Howard | Summer 2011: Volume 25, Number 2
Examining the past, present, and future of the Washington State Capitol Campus grounds.

The Prohibition Proposition: A hot issue at the constitutional convention 
by Charles R. LeWarne | Summer 1989: Volume 3, Number 2
Some tried, but failed, to make prohibition part of Washington’s constitution.

The Whatcom County Nine: Legal and Political Ramifications of Metis Family Life in Washington Territory       
by Peyton Kane | Summer 2000: Volume 14, Number 2
Why was this group of Metis families singled out for prosecution—or is that persecution?

The Sage of Yelm 
by Edward Bergh Jr. | Winter 2009-10: Volume 23, Number 4
Joseph Conine helps Thurston County onto the Populist bandwagon.

Anthology Index

The COLUMBIA Anthology offers a snapshot of Washington history through articles by Washington’s leading scholars as presented in the pages of COLUMBIA Magazine. The anthology was compiled by two friends of the magazine, historians Robert Carriker and Charles LeWarne, who made a selection of 60 articles from COLUMBIA issues published through 2012. Following is an index of those articles.

Anderson, Irving W. “The Sacagawea Mystique: HerAge, Name, Role and Final Destiny,” COLUMBIA 13, No. 3 (Fall1999): 3-­‐7. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.17

Armbruster, Kurt E. “Orpha Road: The Railroad Comes to Seattle,” COLUMBIA 11, No. 4 (Winter1997/98) 7-­‐18. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.25

Barber, Katrine. “Head, Heart and Hands: A Conversation with Lillian Pitt,” COLUMBIA 21, No. 3 (Summer 2007): 34-­‐38. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.6

Bergh Jr., Edward. “The Sage of Yelm: J.C. Conine and the Rise of Populism in Thurston County,” COLUMBIA
23, No. 4 (Winter 2009/2010): 27-­‐32. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.56

Buerge, David. “The Wilkes Expedition in the Pacific Northwest,” COLUMBIA 1, No. 1 (Spring 1987): 19-­‐20, 23-­‐24, 27-­‐29, and 32. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.14

Carr, Mary M. “Anarchist of Home,” COLUMBIA 4, No. 1 (Spring 1990): 3-­‐10. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.43

Carriker, Robert. “The Seven Fanged Horror of the Pacific: Father Peter de Smet Crosses the Columbia Bar,” COLUMBIA 9, No. 4 (Winter 1995/1996): 34-­‐37. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.9

Carriker, Robert. “Ten Dollars a Song: Woody Guthrie Sells his Talents to the Bonneville Power Administration,” COLUMBIA 15, No. 1 (Spring
2001):32-­‐36. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.11

Cook Jr., Sherburne F. “The Little Napoleon: the Short and Turbulent Career of Isaac I. Stevens,” COLUMBIA 14, No. 4 (Winter 2000/2001): 17-­‐20. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.24

Coontz, Stephanie.“The Gender Gap: Looking Beyond the Sound Bite,” COLUMBIA 22, No.1 (Spring 2008): 3-­‐8. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.55

Daniels, Roger. “Outsiders in the Land of the Free: Aspects of the Asian American Experience in the Pacific Northwest,” COLUMBIA 10,
No. 4 (Winter 1996/1997): 30-­‐37. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.52

De Danaan, LLyn. “Mountain of Shell: The Senryu Poetry of Miyoko Sato and Yukiko Abo,” COLUMBIA 25, No. 4 (Winter 2011): 3-­‐8. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.61

Edwards, Thomas. “Dreams and Developments: A Comparison of Two of Washington’s Most Historic Towns, Port Townsend and Walla Walla,1850-­‐1900,” COLUMBIA 16, No. 3 (Fall 2002): 30-­‐42. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.3

Ficken, Robert E. “Figureheads of State: A Whimsical Look at Washington’s Territorial Governors,” COLUMBIA 17, No. 1 (Spring 2003): 25-­‐30. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.5

Foxcurran, Robert. “Les Canadiens: Resettlement of the Métis
into the Backcountry of the Pacific Northwest, ”COLUMBIA 26, No. 3 (Fall 2012): 22-­‐26. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.62\

Freidland, William H., and Archie Green. “Eugene Barnett Talks about the Centralia Conspiracy: Oral History from an IWW Participant in the Events of November 11, 1919, in Centralia, Washington,” COLUMBIA 11, No. 2 (Summer 1997): 10-­‐17. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.27

Gerber, Michelle S. “Hanford’s Historic Reactors,” COLUMBIA 9. No. 1 (Spring 1995): 31-­‐ 36. Digital Collectionb Accession No. 2007.212.29

Gibson, James R. “A Diverse Economy: The Columbia Department of the Hudson’s Bay Company,” COLUMBIA 5, No. 2 (Summer 1991): 28-­‐31. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.19

Gottschall, Terrell D. “Let the Law Take Its Course: Vigilante Justice and Due Process in Walla Walla,” COLUMBIA 26, No. 1 (Spring 2012): 20-­‐27. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.63

Harmon, Sasha. “Writing History by Litigation: The Legacy and Limitations of Northwest Indian Rights Cases,” COLUMBIA 4, No. 4 (Winter 1990-­‐91): 5-­‐15. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.48

Harris, Stephen L. “The Pioneer Novelist Fredric Homer Balch,” COLUMBIA 3, No. 2 (Fall 1989): 17-­‐21. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.39

Heutermann, Thomas H. “The Battle of Wapato: The Klan,
the Legion, the Press and the Yakima Valley Japanese Farmers,” COLUMBIA 9, No. 3 (Fall 1995): 32-­‐38. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.51

Howard, Spencer J. “The Olmstead Brothers’ Landscape Architecture Master Plan for the Washington State Capitol Campus,” COLUMBIA 25, No. 2 (Summer 2011): 18-­‐19, 22-­‐23, 26-­‐27. Digital Collection Accession No.2007.212.60

Irish, Kerry E. “The Water Rises: Clarence C. Dill’s battle for Grand Coulee Dam,“ COLUMBIA 15, No. 3 (Fall 2001): 5-­‐15. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.13

Jeffrey, Julie Roy. “Empty Harvest at Waiilatpu,” COLUMBIA 6, No. 3 (Fall 1992): 22-­‐32. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.4

Johnston, Norman J. “The Washington State Capitol Campus and the Peripatetic Planning,” COLUMBIA 13, No. 1 (Spring 1999): 16-­‐23. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.49

Jordan, Mike and Lynn Jordan. “The Invisible Sex,” COLUMBIA 2, No.4 (Winter 1989): 8-­15. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.46

Kane, Peyton. “The Whatcom County Nine,” COLUMBIA 14, No. 2 (Summer 2000): 39-­44. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.15

Kirkendall, Richard S. “Two Senators @ the Boeing Company: the Transformation of Washington Political Culture,” COLUMBIA 11, No. 4 (Winter 1997/1998): 38-­‐43. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.33

Kofalk, Harriet (ed.). “Torches to Guide Us,” (1889) COLUMBIA 3, No. 1 (Spring 1989): 28, 30-­‐34, 36-­‐37. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.22

Kraig, Beth. “Betty and the Bishops: Was the Egg and I Libelous?” COLUMBIA 12, No. 1 (Spring 1998): 17-22. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.38

Lang, William L. “1949: Year of Decision on the Columbia River,” COLUMBIA 19, No.1 (Spring2005): 8-­‐15. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.1

Layman, William D. “Drawing with Vision: Harold J. Cundy’s
Pioneering Investigations into the Rock Art of North Central Washington.” COLUMBIA 12, No.1 (Spring 1998): 23-­32. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.2

LeWarne, Charles. “Bellevues I have Known: Reflections on the Evolution of an ‘Edge City,’” COLUMBIA 12, No. 2 (Summer 1997): 3-­ 9. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.45

LeWarne, Charles. “The Prohibition Proposition: A Hot Issue at the Constitutional Convention,” COLUMBIA 1, No. 2 (Summer 1989): 26-27. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.50

Lile, Stephanie. “Two Views, Two Voices: the Stereoscopic Perspective
of photographers Asahel Curtis and Edward Curtis,” COLUMBIA 10. No.1 (Spring 1996): 17-­28. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.40

Lindemann, Glen. “Golden Harvest: The Columbia Plateau Grain Empire,” COLUMBIA 6, No. 2 (Summer 1992): 20-­‐28. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.37

Lund, Jens. “Walla Walla Sweets: Onions and Ethnic Identity in a Pacific Northwest Italian Community,” COLUMBIA 8, No. 3 (Fall 1994): 18-­‐23. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.35

McBride, Delbert J. “Viewpoints and Visions in 1792,” COLUMBIA 4, No. 2 (Summer 1990): 21-­‐27. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.42

Miller, Heather Lee. ”Ballots, Babies, and Brothels,” COLUMBIA 21, No.4 (Winter 2007-­2008): 30-­‐37. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.54

Miller, Robert. “Indian Treaties as Contracts,” COLUMBIA 20, No. 1 (Spring 2006): 3-­‐5. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.7

Milner, Darrell “George Bush of Tumwater: Founder of the First American colony on Puget Sound,” COLUMBIA 8, No. 4 (Winter 1994/1995): 14-­‐19. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.21

Mull, Robert W. “Yakima and Justice Douglas: the Curious Story of a Famous but not a Favorite Son,” COLUMBIA 1, No. 2 (Summer 1987): 14, 16-­‐18, 20. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.30

Mullen, Tom. “The Great Columbia Flood: An Epic Geologic Event,” COLUMBIA 19, No. 1 (Spring 2005): 41-­‐44. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.12

Murray, Keith A. “Statehood for Washington,” COLUMBIA 2, No. 4 (Winter 1989): 30-­‐33. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.41

Nokes, J. Richard. “Patriot of Scalawag? John Meares’ Exploits on the Northwest Coast,” COLUMBIA 4, No. 3 (Fall 1990): 37-­‐44. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.8

Nomura, Gail M. “Tsugiki, a rafting,” COLUMBIA 19, No. 1 (Spring
2005): 29-­‐39. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.47

Peers, Laura. “Trade and Change on the Columbia Plateau, 1750-­ 1840,” COLUMBIA 10, No. 4 (Winter 1996/1997): 6-­‐12. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.16

Pierce, J. Kingston. “The Panic of 1893,” COLUMBIA 7, No. 4 (Winter 1993/94): 37-­‐44. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.44

Pitzer, Paul C. “The Columbia Basin Project Farmers: They Called Floyd Dominy a Four-­‐ Flusher,’” COLUMBIA 10, No. 1 (Spring 1996): 6-­‐11. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.36

Pope, Daniel. “Seduced and Abandoned: Utilities and WPPSS Nuclear Plants 4 and 5,” COLUMBIA 5, No. 3 (Fall 1991): 12-­‐20. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.32

Poyner IV, Fred. “The Politics of Design: James A. When and the City of Seattle’s Official Seal,” COLUMBIA 23, No. 1 (Spring 2009): 14-­‐20. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.57

Rau, Weldon W. “Through the Magnificent Gateway: The Columbia River Gorge and Early Emigrant Travel,” COLUMBIA 15, No. 4 (Winter 2001/2002): 24-­ 29. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.20

Richards, Kent D. “The Young Napoleons: Isaac I. Stevens, George B. McClellan and the Cascade Mountains Route,” COLUMBIA 3, No. 4 (Winter 1989-­‐90): 21-­‐23, 26-­‐28. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.23

Ronda, James P. “The Education of Empire Builder John Jacob Astor and the World of the Columbia,” COLUMBIA 11, No. 3 (Fall 1997): 18-­ 23. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.18

Schwantes, Carlos A. “Tourists in Wonderland: Early Railroad Tourism to the Pacific Northwest,” COLUMBIA 7, No. 4 (Winter 1993/1994): 22-­‐30. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.34

Seedorf, Rita G., and Martin F. Seedorf. “Runaways and Reclamation: the Influence of the Federal Government on Moses Lake,” COLUMBIA 8, No. 2 (Summer 1994): 31-­‐37. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.31

Taylor, Quintard. “Swing the Door Wide: World War II Wrought a Profound Transformation in Seattle’s Black Community,” COLUMBIA 9, No. 2 (Summer 1995): 26-­32. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.28

Turek, Michael F., and Robert H. Keller Jr., “Sluskin: Yakima Guide to Mt. Rainier,” COLUMBIA 5, No 1. Spring 1992): 2-­‐7. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.10

Voss, Kimberly W. “The Short but Promising Career of Seattle Post-­‐Intelligencer Reporter Bobbi McCallum.” COLUMBIA 24, No. 1 (Spring 2010): 9-­‐14. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.58

Wriglesworth, Chad. “Trampling Kamiakin’s Gardens: The Legacy of Theodore Winthrop’s Stay at St. Joseph’s Mission.” COLUMBIA 24, No. 4 (Winter 2010-­‐11): 30-­‐35. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.59

Wood, Robert L. “The O’Neill Expeditions: The Olympics Are Explored,” COLUMBIA 4, No. 2 (Summer 1990): 40-­‐45. Digital Collection Accession No. 2007.212.26