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Additional objects, images, and ephemera pertaining to this subject can be found (and searched for) in the various collections presented on our Online Collections page.

Amerique Septentrionale

Early map of North America, published in France, 1783. The area depicted includes Mexico (Central America) and Caribbean to the Arctic Sea (Mer Glaciale). The Columbia River, Puget Sound, and all other interior northwest geographic features are lacking. The approximate Pacific Ocean location for the entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca is indicated, but lacking in any detail. California is shown as an peninsula. The Caribbean Islands and Central America are shown in detail.
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“Tubula Geographica……Hemisphaerii Borealis”

Map of the Northern Hemisphere of the World, as viewed from the North Pole, dated 1762. The Southern Hemisphere is lacking. Major land masses are colored. California is indicated, but the remainder of the western United States is shown as unexplored.
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“Nieuwe Kaart Van Het Weftelykste Deel der Weereld….Naar Westindie”

Map of North and South America, including portions of the west coast of Africa and the western part of Europe, dated 1754. Published in Amsterdam. Text in Dutch. Major land masses are colored. California is indicated, but the remainder of the Northwest is shown as largely unexplored. A great river of the west (unnamed) is depicted as connecting to the Great Lakes.
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“A New and Accurat Map of the World”

Map of the World, divided into two hemispheres, dated 1651. Published in Gt. Britain as part of John Speed's "Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain" (atlas). Highly colored, annotated map, features illustrations of the four elements (fire, water, air, earth), celestial events, zodiac, and famous explorers. California is shown as an island. The western part of North America is largely depicteded as unexplored. The verso of the map includes printed text "The General Description of the World". From the Edward Allen Map Collection.
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“A Map of Mackenzie’s Track from Fort Chipewyan to the North Sea in 1789.”

Detailed map of the North Sea (Arctic) explorations of Alexander MacKenzie, in 1789. Map depicts the exploration route from Fort Chipewyan (Alberta, Canada) to the North Sea (Arctic Ocean). Geographic features (mountains, lakes, rivers, and forts) along MacKenzie's route are shown in detail. The map is bound into the following volume: "Voyages from Montreal on the River St. Lawrence through the Continent of North America to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans in the years 1789 and 1793," by Alexander Mackenzie, 1801.
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North America

Early map of North America printed in London, England, 1790 by J. Wilkes. The area depicted includes Central America and the Caribbean to the Arctic Sea (Greenland and Siberia). Large geographic areas are delinated in varying colors of unknown significance. The Strait of Juan de Fuca and Columbia River are inaccurately shown as one single "River of the West". Puget Sound and Northwest interior geographic features are lacking. California is shown as a peninsula.
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